Kinetic and thermal decomposition of ettringite synthesized from aqueous solutions


Guimarães, D., de Oliveira, V.A. & Leão, V.A. Kinetic and thermal decomposition of ettringite synthesized from aqueous solutions. Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry 124, 1679-1689 (2016).


The kinetics of the thermal decomposition of a synthetic ettringite sample was studied between 298 and 820 K in an inert atmosphere for the present work. The ettringite and its thermal decomposition products were characterized using X-ray diffraction, infrared spectroscopy, and scanning electron microscopy. Four endothermic events were observed with thermogravimetry curves, the maxima of which occurred at 366, 397, 537, and 641 K. All events were associated with the loss of water molecules with different degrees of interaction within the ettringite structure. Chemical equations for each decomposition step were proposed based on the percentages of mass loss observed. In addition, for the first time, the activation energies of each ettringite decomposition events were determined by the isoconversional methods of Ozawa–Flynn–Wall, Friedman, and Kissinger–Akahira–Sunose. The modeling revealed that the activation energy varied from ~50 kJ mol−1, characteristic of mass transfer control steps, to ~150 kJ mol−1, which is typical of chemical control, as the temperature increased and the ettringite structure lost water. A total of 32 mol of water was released equivalent to 43.1 % of the initial sample mass.

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