Galaxy clusters are the most massive collapsed structures in the universe. Mergers are the mechanism by which galaxy clusters form, and they are still growing by accreting sub-clusters. The collision of two galaxy clusters disturbs the hot intracluster gas, and may give rise to supersonic shock waves. In some cases, the collision causes the gas to be spatially dissociated from the dark matter, as in the notorious Bullet Cluster. Computational simulations allow us to follow the gravitational evolution of such collisions, and thus to reconstruct the dynamical history of merging clusters. Using the Alphacrucis supercomputer at IAG/USP, we performed large sets of numerical simulations that allowed us to propose a specific scenarios for a number of observed galaxy clusters.
- Machado R E G, Monteiro-Oliveira R, Lima Neto G B, Cypriano E S. Simulating the shocks in the dissociative galaxy cluster Abell 1758N. MNRAS, 2015, 451, 3309.
- Machado R E G, Lima Neto G B. Simulations of gas sloshing in galaxy cluster Abell 2052. MNRAS, 2015, 447, 2915.
- Machado R E G, Lima Neto G B. Simulations of the merging galaxy cluster Abell 3376. MNRAS, 2013, 430, 3249.