Kinetics of ferrous iron oxidation by Sulfobacillus thermosulfidooxidans.


Pina, P.S., de Oliveira, V.A., Cruz, F.L.S. & Leão, V.A. Kinetics of ferrous iron oxidation by Sulfobacillus thermosulfidooxidans. Biochemical Engineering Journal 51, 194-197 (2010).


The biological oxidation of ferrous iron is an important sub-process in the bioleaching of metal sulfides and other bioprocesses such as the removal of H2S from gases, the desulfurization of coal and the treatment of acid mine drainage (AMD). As a consequence, many Fe(II) oxidation kinetics studies have mostly been carried out with mesophilic microorganisms, but only a few with moderately thermophilic microorganisms. In this work, the ferrous iron oxidation kinetics in the presence of Sulfobacillus thermosulfidooxidans (DSMZ 9293) was studied. The experiments were carried out in batch mode (2L STR) and the effect of the initial ferrous iron concentration (2–20 g L−1) on both the substrate consumption and bacterial growth rate was assessed. The Monod equation was applied to describe the growth kinetics of this microorganism and values of μmax and Ks of 0.242 h−1 and 0.396 g L−1, respectively, were achieved. Due to the higher temperature oxidation, potential benefits on leaching kinetics are forecasted.

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